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Calcium and phosphorus balance in preterm infants fed human milk or human milk supplemented with vitamin D and minerals



Calcium and phosphorus balance in preterm infants fed human milk or human milk supplemented with vitamin D and minerals



Human lactation 3 The effects of human milk on the recipient infant: 71-79



There is increasing evidence that during rapid postnatal growth, deficiency of dietary calcium and phosphorus is a major factor in the aetiology of rickets in infants of very low birthweight. Term as well as preterm breast milks have low Ca and P contents and do not provide enough minerals for adequate bone mineralization in preterm infants. Adequate vitamin D intake is required for maximum Ca absorption.

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Accession: 001540551

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