Contribution of the shunt pathway of mevalonate metabolism to the regulation of cholesterol synthesis in rat liver
Marinier, E.; Lincoln, B.C.; Garneau, M.; David, F.; Brunengraber, H.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 262(35): 16936-16940
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258 PMID: 3680279 Accession: 001553979
The modulation of the shunt pathway of mevalonate metabolism (Edmond, J., and Popják, G. (1974) J. Biol. Chem. 249, 66-71) has been studied in livers from fed, starved, and diabetic rats perfused with a physiological concentration (300 nM) of [5-14C] + [5-3H]mevalonate. Shunt activity was measured by (i) production of 14CO2 (corrected for loss of label by exchange reactions) and (ii) production of 3H2O. Contribution of exogenous mevalonate to total mevalonate production (0.06-0.11%) was assessed in parallel experiments by the incorporation of 3H2O into sterols. Inhibition of non-saponifiable lipid synthesis by starvation and diabetes is not associated with an inhibition of mevalonate production but with a major increase in shunting (7-34%) of sterol-bound mevalonate. The shunt pathway of mevalonate metabolism appears to participate in the regulation of cholesterol synthesis.