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Determination of the costs of using agricultural machines depending on the farm size



Determination of the costs of using agricultural machines depending on the farm size



Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych Seria C Technika Rolnicza 77(2): 169-180



The operation costs of machines, underestimated up to now, affect undoubtedly efficiency of the process of mechanization of private peasant farms. The investigations determining rational limits of mechanization of private peasant farms in a commune proved the necessity of working out the calculation method of estimation of utilization costs of the machinery sets in the farms of different size. The analysis and verification of initial data (among other things, of the machinery utilization period) enabled to calculate the utilization costs of different machinery sets for three farm size groups: 3-7, 7-12 and 12-20 hectares. In every group the course of costs depending on the farm size were analyzed. It has been found that a correct operation of machines can result in a reduction of the share of mechanization costs in relation to the gross value of the machinery park from about 40% (country mean) to 25 and even 14%.

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