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Effect of estradiol on tissue glycogen metabolism in exercised oophorectomized rats



Effect of estradiol on tissue glycogen metabolism in exercised oophorectomized rats



Journal of Applied Physiology 63(2): 492-496



The effect of both physiological and pharmacological doses of estradiol on exercise performance and tissue glycogen utilization was determined in oophorectomized estradiol-replaced (ER) rats. Doses of beta-estradiol 3-benzoate (0.02, 0.04, 0.1, 0.2, 1, 2, 4, or 10 micrograms.0.1 ml of sunflower oil-1.100 g body wt-1) were injected 5 days/wk for 4 wk. Controls were sham injected (SI). After treatment, the animals were run to exhaustion on a motorized treadmill. ER animals receiving the 0.02-microgram dose ran significantly longer and completed more total work than the SI group. ER animals receiving doses of greater than or equal to 0.04 microgram ran longer and performed more work than the 0.02-microgram group. At exhaustion, myocardial glycogen content was significantly decreased in animals that were ER with less than or equal to 0.1 microgram, whereas those replaced with doses greater than 0.1 microgram utilized significantly less glycogen. With the 10-micrograms dose no significant decrease in heart glycogen content was observed at exhaustion. A submaximal 2-h run significantly reduced glycogen content in heart, red and white portions of the vastus lateralis, and the livers of SI animals. The latter effect was attenuated in skeletal muscle and liver, and there was no effect in the hearts of the ER animals receiving 2 micrograms. These data indicate that estradiol replacement in oophorectomized rats influenced myocardial glycogen utilization during exhaustive exercise and spared tissue glycogen during submaximal exercise. These glycogen sparing effects may have contributed to the significant improvements in exercise performance observed in this study.

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Accession: 001572674

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PMID: 3654408



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