EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
53,214,146
Abstracts:
29,074,682
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Effect of thyroidal state on the gastrointestinal transit and emptying of young broilers






Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology A 87(3): 665-670

Effect of thyroidal state on the gastrointestinal transit and emptying of young broilers

In newly hatched broilers, propylthiouracyl and thyroid powder added to the diet produced hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, respectively. After 4-5 days of treatment body and thyroid weight changed, but no differences in body temperature were found. The hyperthyroidal animals had high mortality rate and the hypothyroidal ones showed significantly lower glycema values. The gastrointestinal transit and emptying of 8 and 15 days old hypo-, hyper- and euthyroidal broiler chicks were measured using 14C-PEG-4000 as a marker. Hypothyroidism prolonged GI transit and emptying, whereas hyperthyroidism modified these parameters in a way dependent of the elapsed time after the test meal: at 0.5 and 1 hr transit and emptying were quick, but at 2 and 4 hr the transit was slow. Hyperthyroidism also delayed the transit of large bowel intraluminal contents in 15-day-old chickens. These results are very similar to those of starvation, suggesting an important interaction between diencephalon, thyroid gland and GI motility in young chickens.

Accession: 001578217

PMID: 2887353

DOI: 10.1016/0300-9629(87)90379-3

Download PDF Full Text: Effect of thyroidal state on the gastrointestinal transit and emptying of young broilers



Related references

Effect of glucocorticoids on gastrointestinal emptying in young broilers. British Poultry Science 30(3): 693-698, 1989

Effect of cafeteria diet on the gastrointestinal transit and emptying in the rat. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology A 99(4): 651-656, 1991

Interactive effect of morphine and dexmedetomidine on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit in the rat. British Journal of Anaesthesia 80(1): 63-67, 1998

Effect of centrally administered apelin-13 on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit in mice. Peptides 32(5): 978-982, 2011

Effect of ethanol and commonly ingested alcoholic beverages on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit. Clinical Investigator 70(6): 487-491, 1992

Effect of ileojejunal transposition on gastrointestinal motility, gastric emptying, and small intestinal transit in dogs. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 3(5): 516-523, 1999

Effect of centrally administered C75, a fatty acid synthase inhibitor, on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit in mice. European Journal of Pharmacology 595(1-3): 90-94, 2008

The effect of in vivo dissolution, gastric emptying rate, and intestinal transit time on the peak concentration and area-under-the-curve of drugs with different gastrointestinal permeabilities. Pharmaceutical Research (New York) 16(2): 272-280, 1999

Effect of pyloroplasty and fundectomy on the delay of gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit of liquid elicited by acute blood volume expansion in awake rats. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 31(3): 431-437, 1998

Bioactive saponins and glycosides. XVII. Inhibitory effect on gastric emptying and accelerating effect on gastrointestinal transit of tea saponins: structures of assamsaponins F, G, H, I, and J from the seeds and leaves of the tea plant. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 48(11): 1720-1725, 2000