Effects of chronic ethanol treatment on amino acid uptake and enzyme activities in the lactating rat mammary gland

Viñas, O.; Vilaro, S.; Herrera, E.; Remesar, X.

Life Sciences 40(18): 1745-1749

1987


ISSN/ISBN: 0024-3205
PMID: 2883546
DOI: 10.1016/0024-3205(87)90084-1
Accession: 001580120

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Abstract
The effects of chronic ethanol consumption on mammary gland amino acid uptake at the 15th day of lactation in the rat have been studied. Ethanol treatment decreased the arterial levels of Ala, Asp, Gly, Pro, Lys and Met, and increased those of Gln and .alpha.-amino-butyrate. Chronic ethanol treatment produced a decrease in the arteriovenous differences of Asp, Thr, Arg, Met and Phe, and increased those of Ala, Gln, Gly, Pro and Tyr. The combination of the calculated values of relative extraction and the arteriovenous differences indicate that these alterations in amino acid uptake are related to changes in the transport process for Ala, Asp, Thr, Pro, Arg, Asn, Gly, Tyr, and Phe, and that the alterations in the arteriovenous differences of Gln, Lys and Met are due to the affected arterial levels of these amino acids. Measurements of enzymatic activities in the mammary gland show that these alterations in the amino acid transport process cannot be ascribed to changes in the .gamma.-glutamyl cycle.