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Effects of chronic infusion of porcine relaxin on oxytocin release in lactating rats



Effects of chronic infusion of porcine relaxin on oxytocin release in lactating rats



Journal of Endocrinology 114(2): 241-246



The effects of chronic infusion of porcine relaxin on oxytocin release were studied in lactating rats. Infusion of relaxin (4.2 micrograms/h for either 4 or 6 days) suppressed reflex milk ejection and reduced litter weight gain for 48 h compared with saline-infused controls. After 2 days, neither the rate of growth nor the frequency of milk ejection were significantly different from controls. For 24 h after the infusion of relaxin ended, litters gained weight more quickly than controls but there was no difference seen in the frequency of milk ejection. The effects on oxytocin release of stopping an infusion of relaxin after 3 days were investigated. There was a significant (P less than 0.01) rise in plasma oxytocin (up to 90 pmol/l) 30 min after the infusion was stopped, followed by a sustained rise in intramammary pressure. Treatment of relaxin-infused rats with naloxone (0.1 mg/kg) when the infusion was halted caused a more rapid release of oxytocin (within 2 min), a greater release of oxytocin (up to 140 pmol/l) and a prolonged rise in intramammary pressure.

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Accession: 001580125

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3655611

DOI: 10.1677/joe.0.1140241



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