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Effects of experimental duodenal occlusion on electrical activity of the proximal duodenum in cattle

Effects of experimental duodenal occlusion on electrical activity of the proximal duodenum in cattle

Research in Veterinary Science 45(2): 186-193

An electromyographic study of the proximal duodenum in cattle is presented. Changes of motility patterns were studied under induced mechanical obstruction of the descending duodenum in five healthy cows. Special attention was paid to the ratio of antegrade and retrograde motility. Induced duodenal obstruction of which the duration was at most 48 hours, resulted in abrupt disorganisation of the migrating myoelectric complexes; the phases of regular spiking activity disappeared completely or reappeared in a disorganised pattern, and the phases of irregular spiking activity consisted of repetitive groups of spike bursts with prolonged duration and increased propagation velocity. Retrograde peristaltic contractions in the proximal duodenum were observed. Relief of obstruction resulted in a rapid reorganisation of the cyclic pattern of the migrating myoelectric complexes, which indicates normalisation of intestinal activity.

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Accession: 001580722

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PMID: 3194588

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