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Effects of fluoride-polluted spruce needles on nun moth caterpillars, Lymantria monacha L. (Lep., Lymantriidae)



Effects of fluoride-polluted spruce needles on nun moth caterpillars, Lymantria monacha L. (Lep., Lymantriidae)



Journal of Applied Entomology 105(1): 19-27



Leaves of Norway spruce (Picea abies) which had received different levels of pollution from an aluminium factory were used as food for larvae of Lymantria monacha reared under standardized laboratory conditions and under field conditions. The fluoride content of the needles varied between 7.9 and 365.0 p.p.m., and had detrimental effects on the larvae; mortality increased by up to 75%, and development was considerably delayed.

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Accession: 001580910

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Related references

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