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Effects of food restriction and hyperoxia on rat survival and lung polyamine metabolism

Effects of food restriction and hyperoxia on rat survival and lung polyamine metabolism

Journal of Applied Physiology 64(5): 2010-2016

We fed Sprague-Dawley rats either freely or by restricting them to 20% of their usual diet for 21 days. In one experiment, we refed half of the food-restricted rats for 12 h, then exposed the three groups to air or 85% O2 for 5 days. The mortalities in 85% O2 were 100, 33, and 0% for the food-restricted, restricted-refed, and freely fed groups, respectively. In air lung polyamine contents and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase activities were significantly lower with food restriction. After hyperoxia, lung polyamine and protein contents and enzyme activities were increased in the two surviving groups, but spermine and DNA contents of refed rats did not increase. In a second experiment, we exposed rats to 60% O2 and found that DNA synthesis of food-restricted rats was lower than the freely fed rats in air and remained low after hyperoxia. We conclude that food restriction increases the mortality from 85% O2 and is associated with lower DNA synthesis and polyamine content. We speculate that food-restricted animals may accumulate greater binding injury partly because of a compromised repair process.

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Accession: 001580934

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PMID: 3391899

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