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Effects of food restriction and restoration on gonadotropin and growth hormone secretion in immature male rats

Effects of food restriction and restoration on gonadotropin and growth hormone secretion in immature male rats

Biology of Reproduction 35(3): 554-561

This experiment concerned the changing patterns in secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and growth hormone (GH) under conditions of food restriction and subsequent catch-up growth. Weanling male rats were given either restricted (4 g food/day) or unrestricted access to food until 60 days of age. At this age, food-restricted rats weighed only 25% as much as rats fed ad libitum. Food restriction resulted in a dramatic decrease in the frequency of LH and GH pulses, and in the amplitude of GH pulses. It also slightly but significantly decreased mean blood levels of FSH (which was not secreted in a pulsatile manner in 60-day-old controls fed ad libitum). When restricted rats were given unrestricted access to food, frequency of LH and GH pulses and mean levels of FSH increased significantly and simultaneously within 2 days in half of the animals. Only an additional 8-10% of their body weight decrement was recovered at this time. After 10 days of food restoration, when restricted rats still weighed 50% less than controls, their secretory patterns of all three hormones were not significantly different from those of controls. Thus, recovery of gonadotropin and GH secretion was relatively rapid. Except for the quantitatively lesser impact of food restriction on FSH secretion, there was no evidence of any priorities in the secretion of the three hormones. Under conditions of rapid catch-up growth, the secretory patterns of LH, FSH, and GH appeared to develop simultaneously.

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Accession: 001580935

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3098313

DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod35.3.554

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