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Effects of fungicide spray regimes on incidence of dicarboximide resistance in grey mould (Botrytis cinerea) on strawberry plants

Effects of fungicide spray regimes on incidence of dicarboximide resistance in grey mould (Botrytis cinerea) on strawberry plants

Annals of Applied Biology 110(3): 515-525

In tunnel experiments, the efficacy of dicarboximide sprays in controlling grey moulds of strawberries was greatly decreased by the presence of dicarboximide-resistant forms of Botrytis cinerea. The use of dichlofluanid, as a tank-mix or in an alternating programme, with a dicarboximide fungicide, procymidone, helped to maintain the efficacy of disease control but failed to prevent an increase in the proportion of dicarboximide-resistant forms of the pathogen. Alternative 'partner' fungicides (thiram, chlorothalonil) delayed build-up of resistance to dicarboximides. Build-up of resistance was absent or relatively small in unsprayed plots. Application of dichlofluanid alone was always associated with a substantial increase in dicarboximide resistance, although less than in procymidone-treated plots. Monitoring dicarboximide resistance in the tunnels during the winter, when no further sprays were applied, revealed a gradual decline in the proportion of dicarboximide-resistant forms in all previously treated plots. In laboratory studies on inoculated leaf debris, dichlofluanid treatment induced the build-up of dicarboximide-resistant forms of B. cinerea. Leaf-disc tests revealed cross-resistance of dicarboximide-resistant isolates towards dichlofluanid but not towards thiram or chlorothalonil. Dichlofluanid is widely used for control of B. cinerea and the implications of these results for the practical management of dicarboximide resistance in this pathogen are discussed.

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Accession: 001580981

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1987.tb04169.x

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