EurekaMag
+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Tabanidae
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Environmental factors affecting seed germination of gray birch (Betula populifolia) collected from abandoned anthracite coal mine spoils in northeast Pennsylvania


Environmental factors affecting seed germination of gray birch (Betula populifolia) collected from abandoned anthracite coal mine spoils in northeast Pennsylvania



Annals of Applied Biology 108(3): 649-658



ISSN/ISBN: 0003-4746

DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1986.tb02004.x

Germination of gray birch (Betula populifolia) seed collected from anthracite mine spoils in northeastern Pennsylvania was studied. Environmental conditions of the spoil banks are such that high mortality may occur at seed and germination stages because of low moisture availability and thermal stress. The mine spoil banks are harsh environments with respect to key seed germination factors; percent soil moisture as low as 1.8% and soil surface temperatures reaching 59.degree. C. In the field, gray birch typically germinated in mid-April prior to severe environmental stress. Trends in germination success were inversely related to rising soil temperature and decreasing soil moisture availability. Although seeds were capable of survival and germination under laboratory conditions of constant temperatures in excess of 55.degree. C, dramatic decline in germination was observed under fluctuating temperatures regimes likely to be experienced in the field. No germinations occurred under fluctuating temperatures in excess of 30.degree. C. Germination in the field were seen to end after mid-June when substrate temperatures exceeded 30.degree. C.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 001586295

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Seed germination in the gray birch, Betula populifolia. American Journal of Botub 8(10): 737-742, 1926

Seed Germination in the Gray Birch, Betula Populifolia. American Journal of Botany 13(10): 737-742, 1926

Soil metal concentrations and productivity of Betula populifolia (gray birch) as measured by field spectrometry and incremental annual growth in an abandoned urban Brownfield in New Jersey. Environmental Pollution 156(3): 699-706, 2008

The palaeoecological record of gray birch ( Betula populifolia ) in eastern North America. Botany 93(12): 801-808, 2015

Persistence of fenitrothion insecticide in poplar Populus tremuloides and gray birch Betula populifolia. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 35(4): 471-475, 1985

Persistence of fenitrothion insecticide in poplar Populus tremuloidesand gray birch Betula Populifolia. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 35(1): 471-475, 1985

The spread of gray birch (Betula populifolia) in eastern Quebec: landscape and historical considerations. Canadian Journal of Botany 77(6): 859-868, 1999

Distribution of the bacterial genera Pseudomonas and Bacillus within ectomycorrhizae of Gray Birch (Betula populifolia Marsh.) in a northern New Jersey forest. BIOS (Ocean Grove) 73(3): 91-97, 2002

Factors affecting low temperature induced germination of paper birch betula papyrifera seeds. Plant Physiology (rockville)Suppl): 25, 1982

Factors Affecting Germination And Early Survival Of Yellow Birch (Betula lutea Michx.) In Quebec. The Forestry Chronicle 24(1): 27-86, 1948

Environmental factors affecting natural succession on coal mine spoils. New Mexico Academy of Science Bulletin 18(1):, 1978

Uticaj nekih bioregulatora na klijanje semena breze (Betula verrucosa Ehrh.) - Effet de quelques régulateurs de croissance sur la germination des graines de Betula verrucosa - The effect of some plant growth regulators on birch seed germination (Betula verrucosa Ehrh.). Glas. Sum. Fak. Ser. A. Sumarstvo (60): 89-97, 1983

Genetic and environmental factors affecting the allergenicity of birch (Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii [Orl.] Hämet-ahti) pollen. Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 28(11): 1384-1388, 1998

Studies on the environmental factors affecting seed germination and seedling growth of several pasture species. 2. Effect of soil moisture on seed germination of some grasses and legumes.. Proc. Crop Sci. Soc. Japan. 28: 92-93, 1959

Studies on the environmental factors affecting the seed germination and seedling growth of several pasture species. 2. Effect of soil moisture on the seed germination of some grasses and legumes.. Proc. Crop Sci. Soc. Japan 28(1): 92-3, 1959