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Increased sensitivity and specificity of a sandwich ELISA for measurement of IgE antibodies






Journal of Immunological Methods 78(2): 217-226

Increased sensitivity and specificity of a sandwich ELISA for measurement of IgE antibodies

We have developed a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for measurement of IgE antibodies to the bee venom allergens phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and hyaluronidase (HYAL). The assay is 10-20 times more sensitive than conventional indirect ELISA or radioallergosorbent test (RAST). Furthermore, by using affinity purified rabbit antibodies to these allergens, the specificity of the test was increased compared to RAST. The use of antibodies to link the antigen to the solid phase removes the dependence on the individual protein's ability to bind to the microtitre plate. The increased sensitivity of the sandwich assay seems to be due to better presentation and retention of antigen on the solid phase.

Accession: 001615303

PMID: 3886802

DOI: 10.1016/0022-1759(85)90079-1

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