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Inhibition of FSH augmented adenylate cyclase activity in porcine granulosa cells by ovarian protein



Inhibition of FSH augmented adenylate cyclase activity in porcine granulosa cells by ovarian protein



Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology 89(2): 153-164



We sought to evaluate the effects of a fraction of porcine follicular fluid, termed follicle regulatory protein (FRP), on FSH-induced adenylate cyclase activity in porcine granulosa cell membranes using Gpp(NH)p and forskolin as pharmacological probes of adenylate cyclase activity. Without FSH treatment, the addition of 100 .mu.g/ml of the FRP fraction induced a significant decrease in Gpp(NH)p stimulated cyclase activity while maximal inhibition of cAMP formation was achieved with 1 mg/ml of FRP. Granulosa cells cultured with FSH reached a maximum in adenylate cyclase activity at 20 min which returned to baseline by 45 minutes. FRP induced a reduction in adenylate cyclase activity during this same interval of time. Adenylate cyclase activity of cells treated with FRP was unchanged in the presence of methyl-isobutal-xanthine. Further, when FRP was heated (56.degree. C, 45 min) or precipitated with 10% TCA, it was unable to inhibit adenylate cyclase. The 50% inhibitory dose (ID50) for FRP inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity in cells stimulated with Gpp(NH)p was 80 .mu.g/ml and 500 .mu.g/ml when granulosa cells were preincubated with FSH prior to Gpp(NH)p stimulation. The ID50 for the FRP inhibition of forskolin stimulated adenylate cyclase activity was 500 .mu.g/ml. Gpp(NH)p stimulattaed adenylate cyclase activity was more sensitive than forskolin stimulated activity to inhibition by FRP. In conclusion, the data presented here demonstrate that a partially purified fraction of porcine follicular fluid inhibited FSH responsive adenylate cyclase activity in porcine granulosa cells.

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Accession: 001619507

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PMID: 2440708



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