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Isolation of the chalkbrood pathogen, Ascosphaera apis, from honey bee (Apis mellifera) surfaces, pollen loads, and a water source



Isolation of the chalkbrood pathogen, Ascosphaera apis, from honey bee (Apis mellifera) surfaces, pollen loads, and a water source



American Bee Journal 127(8): 581-583



Test colonies were established from package bees. Ascosphaera apis was not found in the guts of samples of bees from these packages, but the test colonies developed chalk brood (mean level of infection 1.4%, which was higher than in earlier years). A. apis was present on the body surfaces of foragers returning to the hive, in pollen loads taken from foragers, and in a water source in the apiary.

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