Part-time farmers - complementary or competing food producers? 1. Extent and development of part-time farming

Lindqvist, L.

Kungl Skogs och Lantbruksakademiens Tidskrift 127(1/2): 51-57


Accession: 001650685

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On 71 000 farms out of 109 000 in Sweden with more than 2 ha of arable land the labour volume in standard-man-hours is less than 1600 per year. The number of full-time farms (more than 1600 standard-man-hours) was 38 000 in 1985. This figure increases to 10 000 farms if the standard-man-hours of forestry are included. The number of part-time farms with more than 2 ha of arable land and less than 1600 standard-man-hours was in 1985 71 000 (forestry not included) or 61 000 (forestry included). 52% of the farmers had a job outside the farm and 15% had a pension. Among the farmers' wives 55% had a job outside the farm and 18% were 0ver 60 years old. Numbers of part-time farms per sector and their share of overall farm revenue and expenditure are given. The number of part-time farms has decreased slowly during the last 25 years. Their share of the total number of farms has almost doubled. A further increase in the share of part-time farms can be expected, since the rate of new farmers is higher among part-time farmers than among full-time farmers. However, conditions outside agriculture will be the main influence on the further development of part-time farming. Experiences gained in other occupations give part-time farmers an advantage in finding new ways of developing and adjusting their farms. Two further papers discussed policy aspects (I. Widen, pp.59-61) and part-time farmers as food producers (K.I. Kumm, pp.63-65). Discussion on all three papers may be found on pp.65-74.