+ Site Statistics
References:
52,654,530
Abstracts:
29,560,856
PMIDs:
28,072,755
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn

+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Phytophagous insect faunas of the native thistles, Cirsium brevistylum, Cirsium congdonii, Cirsium occidentale, and Cirsium tioganum, in southern California



Phytophagous insect faunas of the native thistles, Cirsium brevistylum, Cirsium congdonii, Cirsium occidentale, and Cirsium tioganum, in southern California



Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 802: 152-160



Phytophagous insects representing four orders, seven families, and seven species compose the insect fauna of Cirsium brevistylum Cronquist (Asteraceae) in southern California. Similarly, phytophagous insects representing five, five and five orders, 9, 18, and 16 families, and 13, 26, and 18 species are reported from Cirsium congdonii Moore and Frankton, Cirsium occidentale (Nuttall) Jepson, and Cirsium tioganum (Congdon) Petrak, respectively. Most insects feeding on these thistles are polyphagous, ectophagous, sap- and foliage-feeding species; however, one or two nearly monophagous and oligophagous species (i.e. only attacking Cirsium spp. and Carduineae, respectively) were found in or on each of the four thistles. Species packing in flower heads averaged 0.4, 0.3, 1.6, and 0.9 endophagous species per sample site (range, 0-4) for C. brevistylum, C. congdonii, C. occidentale, and C. tioganum, respectively. Species packing in or on shoots averaged 2.7 .+-. 1.2 (.chi. .+-. SEM), 6.0 .+-. 1.4, 6.3 .+-. 3.2 and 10.3 .+-. 3.4 species per sample site respectively. High proportions (65-86%) of the insect associates reported also reproduced on these native herbs.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 001655423

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1093/aesa/80.2.152



Related references

Phytophagous insect faunas of the native thistles cirsium brevistylum cirsium congdonii cirsium occidentale and cirsium tioganum in southern california usa. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 80(2): 152-160, 1987

Phytophagous insect faunas of native cirsium thistles cirsium mohavense cirsium neomexicanum and cirsium nidulum in the mojave desert of southern california usa. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 80(2): 161-175, 1987

Phytophagous insect faunas of the two most common native cirsium thistles cirsium californicum and cirsium proteanum in southern california usa. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79(6): 953-962, 1986

Phytophagous insect faunas of two introduced cirsium thistles cirsium ochrocentrum and cirsium vulgare in southern california usa. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79(6): 945-952, 1986

Two thistles, one a native, one introduced Cirsium occidentale, Cirsium vulgare (Cirsium lanceolatum), California. Fremontia 10(2): 19-20, 1982

Phytophagous insect faunas of the two most common native Cirsium thistles, C. californicum and C. proteanum, in southern California. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 796: 953-962, 1986

Phytophagous insect faunas of native Cirsium thistles, C. mohavense, C. neomexicanum, and C. nidulum, in the Mojave Desert of southern California. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 802: 161-175, 1987

Phytophagous insect faunas of two introduced Cirsium thistles, C. ochrocentrum and C. vulgare, in southern California. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 796: 945-952, 1986

Bracteal exudates in two cirsium species as possible deterrents to insect consumers of seeds Cirsium discolor, Cirsium flodmani. American midland naturalist 110(1): 212-214, 1983

Cytotaxonomy and Canadian distribution of Cirsium edule and Cirsium brevistylum. Canadian Jour Bot 40(9): 1187-1196, 1962

Studies on the components of Formosan Cirsium species. I-II. Flavonoids of Cirsium kawakamii hayata and Cirsium wallichii DC. Chung kuo hua hsueh hui hui chih: (ser 2) 22 (3) 275-277, 1975

Taxonomic studies of Cirsium (Asteraceae) in Japan. III. Cirsium occidentalinipponense, sp. nov. with special reference to the lectotypification of Cirsium borealinipponense Kitam. Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series B 23(3): 115-125, 1997

Taxonomic studies of Cirsium (Asteraceae) in Japan V. Cirsium umezawanum, a new species from Island Rishiri, Hokkaido and a new white-flowered form of Cirsium amplexifolium Kitam. Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series B 24(4): 147-156, 1998

Natural hybridization in the genus cirsium cirsium flodmanii x cirsium undulatum. Rhodora 89(860): 369-374, 1987

Hepatoprotective Effects of Nonpolar Extracts from Inflorescences of Thistles Cirsium vulgare and Cirsium ehrenbergii on Acute Liver Damage in Rat. Pharmacognosy Magazine 13(Suppl 4): S860-S867, 2018