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Radiation inactivation analysis of chloroplast CF0-CF1 ATPase

, : Radiation inactivation analysis of chloroplast CF0-CF1 ATPase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(18): 8838-8843

Radiation inactivation technique was employed to measure the functional size of adenosine triphosphatase of spinach chloroplasts. The functional size for acid-base-induced ATP synthesis was 450 .+-. 24 kilodaltons; for phenazine methosulfate-mediated ATP synthesis, 613 .+-. 33 kilodaltons; and for methanol-activated ATP hydrolysis, 280 .+-. 14 kilodaltons. The difference (170 .+-. 57 kilodaltons) between 450 .+-. 24 and 280 .+-. 14 kilodaltons is explained to be the molecular mass of proton channel (coupling factor 0) across the thylakoid membrane. Our data suggest that the stoichiometry of subunits I, II, and III of coupling factor 0 is 1:2:15. Ca2+- and Mg2+-ATPase activated by methanol, heat, and trypsin digestion have a similar functional size. However, anions such as SO32- and CO32- increased the molecular mass for both ATPase's (except trypsin-activated Mg2+-ATPase) by 12-30%. Soluble coupling factor 1 has a larger target size than that of membrane-bound. This is interpreted as the cold effect during irradiation.

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Accession: 001667702

PMID: 2967817

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