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Tile drain discharge under different crops

Tile drain discharge under different crops

Canadian Agricultural Engineering 29(2): 117-122

Tile drain discharge for a 14-yr period has been examined to determine the effect of crop cover on the flow. Discharge characteristics were analyzed from 12 drainage research plots having fertilized and nonfertilized crops in a 4-yr rotation of corn-oats-alfalfa-alfalfa, continuous bluegrass and continuous corn. Fertilized crops contributed a greater volume of drain flow than unfertilized crops. The major contribution to drain discharge occurred in March and April. Continuous corn and bluegrass contributed a larger drainage volume than rotation crops. The effect of crop cover on drainage was the least for a 2-yr return period. The analysis indicates that the crop grown and level of fertility have an important effect on tile drain discharge in Brookston clay loam soils.

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