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Timing of the onset and duration of ovulation in superovulated beef heifers



Timing of the onset and duration of ovulation in superovulated beef heifers



Theriogenology 26(4): 509-522



Thirty-two beef heifers were induced to superovulate by the administration of follicle stimulating hormone-porcine (FSH-P). All heifers received 32 mg FSH-P (total dose) which was injected twice daily in decreasing amounts for 4 d commencing on Days 8 to 10 of the estrous cycle. Cloprostenol was administered at 60 and 72 h after the first injection of FSH-P. Heifers were observed for estrus every 6 h and were slaughtered at known times between 48 to 100 h after the first cloprostenol treatment. The populations of ovulated and nonovulated follicles in the ovaries were quantified immediately after slaughter. Blood samples were taken at 2-h intervals from six heifers from 24 h after cloprostenol treatment until slaughter and the plasma was assayed for luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations. The interval from cloprostenol injection to the onset of estrus was 41.3 .+-. 1.25 h (n = 20). The interval from cloprostenol injection to the preovulatory peak of LH was 43.3 .+-. 1.69 h (n = 6). No ovulations were observed in animals slaughtered prior to 64.5 h after cloprostenol (n = 12). After 64.5 h, ovulation had commenced in all animals except in one animal slaughtered at 65.5 h. The ovulation rate varied from 4 to 50 ovulations. Approximately 80% of large follicles (> 10 mm diameter) had ovulated within 12 h of the onset of ovulation. Onset of ovulation was followed by a dramatic decrease in the number of large follicles (> 10 mm) and an increase in the number of small follicles (.ltoreq. 5 mm). These data indicate that ovulations in superovulated beef heifers occur over 12 h and commence approximately 24 h after the onset of estrus and 22 h after the peak of LH.

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Accession: 001719748

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16726216

DOI: 10.1016/0093-691x(86)90042-7


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