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Aflatoxin in groundnut, problems and remedies


, : Aflatoxin in groundnut, problems and remedies. Seeds and Farms 15(2): 12-15

A general account is given of the problem of aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus in stored groundnuts. Among the factors affecting production are temp., moisture content, atmospheric gases and fungal isolates. Brief accounts are given of the chemical composition of aflatoxins, aflatoxins as carcinogens and the natural occurrence of aflatoxins. A. flavus also caused aflarot disease of groundnut which is seedborne and results in infected seeds becoming rancid.

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Related references

Machmud, M., 1989: Groundnut aflatoxin problems in Indonesia. The problem of aflatoxin contamination of groundnuts in Indonesia is discussed. Groundnut production, marketing and consumption, and groundnut aflatoxin problems and research progress as well as prospects for future research are all considered.

Raya, M.D., 1989: Groundnut aflatoxin problems in Tanzania. It is reported that the National Groundnut Improvement Program in Tanzania is to start research on the development of effective control measures for aflatoxin contamination of groundnuts.

Gomez D.Moraes, G.W., 1964: Studies on aflatoxin-I. Bibliographical review. II. Extraction of aflatoxin from groundnut meal; identification. III. Culture of Aspergillus parasiticus in groundnuts and groundnut meal. The literature on aflatoxicosis was reviewed (135 references). Aflatoxin Bl was demonstrated by thin layer chromatography in all of five samples of commercial groundnut meal, but not in a sample of selected groundnuts. A.

Mehan, V.K.G.wda, C.L.L., 1997: Aflatoxin contamination problems in groundnut in Asia

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Pollet, A.; Declert, C.; Wiegandt, W.; Harkema, J.; Lisdonk, E. de, 1989: Traditional groundnut storage and aflatoxin problems in Cote d'Ivoire: ecological approaches. Groundnut storage problems were studied in Ivory Coast during 2 successive storage periods (1985-86 and 1986-87) and from 3 different aspects: insect pests, mould damage and contamination with aflatoxins. Samples were taken periodically from tradi...

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