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Agricultural extension and its linkages with agricultural research


, : Agricultural extension and its linkages with agricultural research. Agricultural extension in Africa: 3-6

Four approaches to agricultural extension are identified. (1) the commodity-based approach, one of the most widespread formal extension systems in West Africa. In its original form, it follows an organized and coherent set of procedures designed to facilitate the production of a single cash crop; (2) community development-cum-extension, which has operated to a limited extent in Africa and rather more in other parts of the world, especially India.


Accession: 001748685

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Related references

Pickering, D.C., 1987: An overview of agricultural extension and its linkages with agricultural research: the World Bank experience. The paper deals in particular with the African situation and the experience of the World Bank. Following a discussion of the design of agricultural extension systems and various aproaches to rural extension, it concludes that successful extension...

Kim D.S.; Chung M.N., 1986: Linkages of agricultural extension with research and agricultural education in korea. Korea has been emphasized on multi-institutional approach for agricultural technology development. The task of this study is to review the linkages of agricultural extension with research and agricultural education in Korea. Secondary data were us...

Athipanan, S., 1999: Research-extension linkages between Department of Agricultural Extension and higher educational institutions. The objectives of this study were to study the outcome of the research-extension linkages between Department of Agricultural Extension (DOAE) and the six higher educational institutions, namely Kasetsart University, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open Uni...

Aflakpui, Godwin, K.S., 2007: Present outlook and transformation in the delivery of agricultural extension services - Implications for research-extension-farmer linkages. Linkages are channels for the two-way flow of information, knowledge and resources among the stakeholders of a defined system. The key functions that any linkage system should perform include diagnosis, planning and review of programmes; executio...

Lantin, M.M., 1999: Organizational linkages between agricultural research and extension. This paper reviews various concepts related to research and extension linkages, with a focus on structural and organizational considerations. It also describes the experience of the Philippines, which undertook a major restructuring of its extensi...

Bourgeois, R., 1990: Structural linkages for integrating agricultural research and extension. Many gaps exist between agricultural research and extension. These are due to institutional, functional or communication problems which often result, in turn, in research results not reaching farmers or being irrelevant to their needs. These integ...

E.Zoobi, A., 1988: Linkages between agricultural research and extension: the situation in Pakistan. The changing traditional systems of agricultural and rural development in Pakistan require new knowledge, skills, attitudes, values and more effective and productive ways and means of carrying out activities in these fields. Agricultural research...

Opeke, Ro, 1987: Agricultural research and extension linkages: the African experience. Proceedings Trends in Agricultural Research and Management Seminar editorial committee Alang Perang Zainuddin Hashim Abd Wahab Khalip A Raffar: 125

Mumba, N.E.; Mulele, M.R., 1985: Country paper on agricultural extension and research linkages. Fertilizer research and extension in Zambia are briefly described.

Motsoene, T., 1989: A long road toward integrating agricultural research with extension and agricultural education systems in Lesotho: agricultural research perspective. Restructuring of Lesotho's Ministry of Agriculture and decentralization of its functions have contributed significantly towards the integration of the country's research, training and extension activities. An additional factor has been t...