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Comparison of four hybrid bermudagrass cultivars for stocker steer production

Comparison of four hybrid bermudagrass cultivars for stocker steer production

Journal of Production Agriculture 3(2): 253-255

'Coastal' bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] provides the opportunity to produce large quantities of forage for grazing stocker cattle (Bos taurus, Bos indicus). Other hybrids have been developed that may increase stocker gains through good forage yield and better quality than is provided by Coastal. A 4-yr study compared overall and seasonal performance of stocker steers grazed on 'Brazos', 'Grazer', Coastal, and 'Tifton-44' bermudagrass cultivars. Established paddocks were grazed continuously for an average of 154 d (24 April-25 September) each year (1982-1985). Annual fertilization rates were 306-26-174 lb/acre of N-P-K. Average stocking rate was 4.4 steers/acre. Grazer produced the greatest weight gains (1183 lb/acre; P < 0.05), while gains produced by other cultivars averaged 1003 lb/acre and were not different (P > 0.05). Steer weight increased rapidly in May, slowed during June, July, and August, and increased gains during September. Grazer showed an advantage in rate of gain over other cultivars during the summer months.

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Accession: 001782315

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DOI: 10.2134/jpa1990.0253

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