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Effects of spleen cells and serum on transfer of immunity to Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in hypothymic (nude) mice






International Journal for Parasitology 20(1): 63-67

Effects of spleen cells and serum on transfer of immunity to Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in hypothymic (nude) mice

The course of Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in congenitally hypothymic (nu/nu) mice and their heterozygous thymus-bearing littermates (nu/+) was followed. Unlike the infected nu/+ mice, the nu/nu mice were unable to expel the worms until the end of the observation period (98 days post-infection). In addition, about three times as many eggs were counted at the peak level of infection in faeces of the infected nu/nu mice in comparison with the nu/+ mice. No acquired resistance to rechallenge was observed among the nu/nu mice. Auto-reinfection within the infected nu/nu mice could not be supposed in the present study. The worm expulsion mechanism was generated by nu/nu mice which had been given syngeneic spleen cells from intact +/+ mice. The expulsion of adult worms, as well as the protection against migrating larvae, occurred anamnestically when spleen cells from immune +/+ mice were transferred. The serum transfer, however, only caused a retardation of larval migration. The results support the hypothesis that direct worm immunity and worm expulsion are a T cell-dependent phenomenon.

Accession: 001820182

PMID: 2312228

DOI: 10.1016/0020-7519(90)90174-l

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