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Exercise training increases coronary transport reserve in miniature swine



Exercise training increases coronary transport reserve in miniature swine



Journal of Applied Physiology 67(3): 1140-1149



Female yucatan miniature swine were trained on a treadmill (ET) or were cage confined (C) for 16-22 wk. The ET pigs had increased exercise tolerance, heart weight-to-body weight ratio, and skeletal muscle oxidative capacity. After anesthesia the left anterior descending coronary artery was cannulated and pump perfused with blood while aortic, central venous, and coronary perfusion pressures, electrocardiogram, heart rate and coronary blood flow were monitored. Capillary permeability-surface area product (PS) for EDTA was determined with the single injection indicator-diffusion method by use of an organ model based on the Sangren-Sheppard equations for capillary transport. Coronary blood flow (CBF) and PS were compared before and during maximal adenosine vasodilation with coronary perfusion pressures at 120 mmHg. Results indicate that there were no differences in base-line CBF or PS between C and ET groups. .alpha.-Receptor blockade with phentolamine and/or prazosin, before adenosine vasodilation, produced increases in PS in C pigs but had little effect in ET pigs. During maximal vasodilation with adenosine, ET pigs had greater CBF (447 .+-. 24 vs. 366 .+-. 27 ml.cntdot.min-1.cntdot.100 g-1) and greater PS (83 .+-. 9 vs. 55 .+-. 7 ml.cntdot.min-1.cntdot.100 g-1) than the C group. It is concluded that ET induces an increased coronary transport capacity in miniature swinte that includes a 22% increase in blood flow capacity and a 51% increase in capillary exchange capacity.

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Accession: 001831189

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2551878

DOI: 10.1152/jappl.1989.67.3.1140



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