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Factors influencing stable transformation of maize protoplasts by electroporation






Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture 18(3): 281-296

Factors influencing stable transformation of maize protoplasts by electroporation

Two chimaeric genes, containing the promoter of the 35S gene of cauliflower mosaic virus coupled to neomycin phosphotransferase (35S-NPT-NOS) or to hygromycin phosphotransferase (35S-HPT-NOS) have been stably transferred to maize (Zea mays cv. Black Mexican sweet) cells by electroporation. Transformation frequencies of 7.6 .times. 10-4 and 8 .times. 10-4, respectively, (based on the number of surviving cells that divided) were obtained with four pulses of 1 ms duration using 400 V capacitive discharge. Cells transformed to kanamycin-resistance and hygromycin-resistance subsequently multiplied to form callus. Southern blot analysis demonstrated the integration of the selectable marker genes, neomycin or hygromycin phosphotransferase, with single or multiple copy numbers. The blots from DNA of hygromycin-resistant calli also suggested the formation of plasmid concatemers.

Accession: 001833785

DOI: 10.1007/bf00043398

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