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Identification in maize mitochondrial 26S rRNA of a short 5'-end sequence possibly involved in transcription initiation and processing

Identification in maize mitochondrial 26S rRNA of a short 5'-end sequence possibly involved in transcription initiation and processing

Current Genetics 15(3): 207-212

By direct RNA mapping, we have identified the precise 5' end of the maize mitochondrial 26S rRNA. The 5' termini of the 26S rRNA are 17 and 18 nt downstream from the 5' end predicted by Dale et al. (1984) from homology between the maize rRNA and E. coli large subunit ribosomal RNA. In addition, we have discovered a larger 26S species, presumably a 26S precursor, and precisely mapped its 5' end. The maize mitochondrial rRNA genes are probably regulated by control regions that differ from those already characterized in other genomes: the maize mitochondrial 26S, 18S and 5S rRNAs lack sequences that resemble the promoter regions of genes from other mitochondria and bacteria. However, the mature and precursor rRNAs all contain a tetranucleotide, AAUC, at their 5' ends (AAAC in the 5S rRNA). The sequence is also seen in the same position in several other plant mitochondrial mRNAs. We propose therefore that AAUC is a transcription or processing signal which is possibly unique to plant mitochondria.

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Accession: 001855180

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PMID: 2548743

DOI: 10.1007/bf00435507

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