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Importance of the paratenic host in the biology of Bothriocephalus gregarius (Cestoda, Pseudophyllidea), a parasite of the turbot



Importance of the paratenic host in the biology of Bothriocephalus gregarius (Cestoda, Pseudophyllidea), a parasite of the turbot



International Journal for Parasitology, 185: 611-621



Bothriocephalus metacestodes were found in the intestine of 2 species of goby along the French coasts: Pomatoschistus marmoratus and P. minutus. A biochemical study showed that the metacestodes belong to the species B. gregarius, whose adult form infects the turbot (Psetta maxima). Epidemiological and other data suggest that young turbot become infected by eating copepods containing proplerocercoids; older turbot become infected by eating infected gobies. In gobies the parasite develops from a proplerocercoid to a strobilating plerocercoid. Gobies are thus paratenic hosts though the parasite develops within them. Maturation of worms in what were once paratenic hosts could be a mechanism for sympatric speciation in the B. scorpii complex.

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Accession: 001857766

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3170071

DOI: 10.1016/0020-7519(88)90095-1



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