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Induction of Proteinase Inhibitors in Tobacco Cell Suspension Culture by Elicitors of Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae

Induction of Proteinase Inhibitors in Tobacco Cell Suspension Culture by Elicitors of Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae

Plant Physiology 90(3): 1065-1070

An elicitor preparation obtained from Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae, a pathogen of tobacco, induced an accumulation of proteinase inhibitors and a stimulation of ethylene synthesis in a tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) cell suspension culture. About 30 micrograms per milliliter of elicitor were necessary for maximal induction of proteinase inhibitor accumulation, and the response was detectable after 12 hours of incubation with elicitor. Accumulation of proteinase inhibitors required de novo protein synthesis, since cycloheximide completely inhibited its elicitation, and actinomycin D inhibited it partially. One of the inhibitors was purified by a procedure that included heating, (NH(4))(2)SO(4) precipitation, ion-exchange chromatography, and affinity chromatography. The purified inhibitor was shown to be a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with a molecular weight of about 10,500. It inhibited trypsin but not chymotrypsin.

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Accession: 001861406

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PMID: 16666852

DOI: 10.1104/pp.90.3.1065

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