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Pollination of vanilla

, : Pollination of vanilla. Bulletin Agronomique Petit Bourg ( 8): 39-41

Cultivated species of Vanilla comprise V. planifolia (the most widespread), V. pompona (cultivated in Guadeloupe) and V. tahitensis (cultivated in Tahiti until it was replaced by V. planifolia). The biology and anatomy of the Vanilla flower are described. In Guadeloupe, flowering starts in Jan., reaches a peak in Apr. and finishes in June. The flowers open in the morning and close in the afternoon. The duration of stigma receptivity is 24 h.

Accession: 001912623

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Related references

Shadakshari, Y.G.; Uthaiah, B.C.; Chandrashekraiah, S.C., 1994: A new method of hand pollination in vanilla (Vanilla planifolia Andrews). A method of hand pollination is described which took 5-6 s per flower and resulted in 100% pod set.

Rey, S.C.rbonel, F.D.orn, M.V.n, 1980: Vanilla--aromatic composition of some different species: Vanilla planifolia (Andrews), Vanilla tahitensis (Moore), Vanilla pompona (Schiede). Annales des falsifications de l'expertise chimique et toxicologique 73(788): 421-433

Fouche, J.G.; Coumans, M., 1992: Vanilla: pollination. Four techniques for pollinating Vanilla planifolia by hand are discussed and illustrated. They are currently employed in Reunion and the surrounding islands.

Riley, K.A.; Kelyn, D.H., 1989: Fundamental principles of vanilla/vanilla extract processing and methods of detecting adulteration in vanilla extracts. Food Technology 43

Alconero R., 1968: Infection and development of fusarium oxysporum f sp vanillae in vanilla m roots vanilla planifolia m vanilla phaeantha m. Phytopathology 58(9): 1281-1283

Xiong, W.; Zhao, Q.; Xue, C.; Xun, W.; Zhao, J.; Wu, H.; Li, R.; Shen, Q., 2016: Comparison of Fungal Community in Black Pepper-Vanilla and Vanilla Monoculture Systems Associated with Vanilla Fusarium Wilt Disease. Long-term vanilla monocropping often results in the occurrence of vanilla Fusarium wilt disease, seriously affecting its production all over the world. In the present study, vanilla exhibited significantly less Fusarium wilt disease in the soil of...

Pennington, C., 1944: Vanilla pollination is no mystery. In this article the author says that pollinating is one of the simplest, if not the simplest of all practices in vanilla culture and guarantees to teach the technique in five minutes to any boy or girl of average intelligence. The structure of the...

Brunschwig, C.; Collard, Fçois.Xavier.; Bianchini, J-Pierre.; Raharivelomanana, P., 2010: Evaluation of chemical variability of cured vanilla beans (Vanilla tahitensis and Vanilla planifolia). In order to establish a chemical fingerprint of vanilla diversity, thirty samples of V. planifolia J. W. Moore and V. tahitensis G. Jackson cured beans from seven producing countries were examined for their aroma and fatty acid contents. Both fatt...

Suckling, J.J., 1939: The cultivation and hand pollination of Vanilla. V. planifolia requires warm, humid, sheltered situations and well-drained soil. Propagation is by cuttings. The flower requires hand pollination. Only 5-6 flowers per cluster are pollinated for best results. 10 months are required for ovary to rip...

David, P.A., 1953: Pollination of vanilla flowers by hand. Pollination of the vanilla flower seldom occurs naturally and must be carried out by hand for a satisfactory crop. At the College of Agriculture, Los Banos, hand selfing is done between 7 and 9 a.m. when the flowers are open and the stigmas recept...