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Responses of growth and flowering to daylength and temperature in sesame cultivars


Responses of growth and flowering to daylength and temperature in sesame cultivars



Research Reports of the Rural Development Administration (Suweon) 30(1 UPLAND AND IND CROPS): 35-40



Sesame cultivars were treated with combined temperature and daylength to determine the responses of growth and flowering in sesame. The experiment was performed in Phytotron with 10, 13, 16 hours of daylength and 24/16, 27/19, 30/22.degree. C (day/night) temperature treatment. Varietal differences of days to flower initiation were not significant by the temperature and daylength treatment, however differences of days to flower initiation by temperature or daylength treatment were highly significant. Sesame flowering was promoted in high temperature and short daylength, while delayed in low temperature and long daylength. Between the factors treated, flowering of sesame was more influenced by daylength than temperature. Days to flower initiation of sesame cultivars were differed 22 days as maximum by the daylength treatment, while 10 days by the temperature treatment. Accumulated temperature and daylength for sesame flowering were ranged 819-1595.degree. C and 363-1120 hours respectively by temperature and daylength treatment. Days to flower initiation of sesame was 36.3 days in 10 hours daylength and 30/22.degree. C temperature, however 70 days in 16 hours daylength and 24/16.degree. C temperature. Plant height and number of capsules per plant of sesame in 13 hours daylength were increased in 30/22.degree. C than in 24/16.degree. C temperature treatment. The results would be available information for sesame breeding program and for shortening breeding cycles of sesame.

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