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Symptoms and treatment of trypanosomiasis (Trypanosoma vivax) in buffaloes


, : Symptoms and treatment of trypanosomiasis (Trypanosoma vivax) in buffaloes. Boletim de Pesquisa, Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Tropico Umido, EMBRAPA, Brazil (90): 13

The symptoms of Trypanosoma vivax infection in 58 buffaloes were progressive emaciation (42 animals), prostration (36), anaemia (28), conjunctivitis (16), fever > 40 degrees C, paralysis of the hindquarters and oedema of the dewlap, on occasions leading to death. Post-mortem examination of infected animals revealed acute anaemia, enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes, hepato- and splenomegaly and heart petechias. T. vivax provoked anaemia by normocytic and normochromic haemolysis.

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Related references

Laau, Hugo-Didonet, 1988: Symptoms and treatment of the trypanosomiasis (T. vivax) in buffaloes

Wells E.A.; Ruiz A.; Ochoa R., 1968: Trypanosomiasis in colombia abstract horse cattle sheep mouse trypanosoma evansi trypanosoma vivax trypanosoma melophagium trypanosoma theileri. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 62(1): 138

Paris, J.M.rray, M1; Mcodimba, F., 1982: A comparative evaluation of the parasitological techniques currently available for the diagnosis of African trypanosomiasis in cattle Trypanosoma congolense, Trypanosoma vivax, Trypanosoma brucei. Acta tropica 39(4): 307-316

Lira,R.A.; Batista,J.S.; Bezerra,F.S.B.; Carvalho,J.R.G.; Alves,H.M.; Rodrigues,C.M.F.; Araujo,J.F.B., 2008: Effects of ImizolReg use on trypanosomiasis treatment of Trypanosoma vivax in sheep. The use of Imizol in the treatment of <i>Trypanosoma vivax</i> trypanosomiasis in sheep has been effective in promoting the disappearance of the parasite in the blood and the clinical signs of the disease.

Tetley, L.; Vickerman, K.; Moloo, S.K., 1981: Absence of a surface coat from a metacyclic Trypanosoma vivax possible implications for vaccination against vivax trypanosomiasis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 75.3: 409-414

Tetley, L.; Vickerman, K.; Moloo, S.K., 1981: Absence of a surface coat from metacyclic Trypanosoma vivax: possible implications for vaccination against vivax trypanosomiasis. Electron microscopy of T. vivax trypomastigotes from the tsetse-fly hypopharynx demonstrated that attachment is mediated by hemidesmosome-like junctions along the flagellar membrane and that none of the trypomastigotes, either attached or free in...

Maxie, M.G.; Losos, G.L.; Tabel, H., 1979: Experimental bovine trypanosomiasis trypanosoma vivax and trypanosoma congolense 1. symptomatology and clinical pathology. Three groups of 25 cattle each were infected with T. vivax, T. congolense or were uninfected controls. Pathognomic clinical signs of trypanosomal infection were not observed. Secondary bacterial infections were common. Fever, increased heart and r...

Andrianne, V.F., 1952: Contribution to the study of the therapeutic and prophylactic action of antrycide in trypanosomiasis from Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma vivax in cattle. Annales de la Societe Belge de Medecine Tropicale 32(1): 1-10

Tabel, H.; Losos, G.J.; Maxie, M.G.; Minder, C.E., 1981: Experimental bovine trypanosomiasis (Trypanosoma vivax and T. congolense). III. Serum levels of immunoglobulins, heterophile antibodies, and antibodies to T. vivax. Twenty-five steers were infected with T. vivax (EATRO 1721), 25 steers with T. congolense (EATRO 1800) and 25 steers kept as controls. Serum levels of immunoglobulins (IgG1, IgG2, IgM), natural antibodies to erythrocytes of chicken and sheep, and...

Dwinger R.H.; Murray M.; Luckins A.G.; Rae P.F.; Moloo S.K., 1989: Interference in the establishment of tsetse transmitted trypanosoma congolense trypanosoma brucei or trypanosoma vivax superinfections in goats already infected with trypanosoma congolense or trypanosoma vivax. An interference phenomenon that delays superinfection with a trypanosome species different from that used for the initial infection has been found to occur in goats. Following tsetse transmission of Trypanosoma brucei to goats already infected wit...