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Syncytium formation by recombinant vaccinia viruses carrying bovine parainfluenza 3 virus envelope protein genes

Journal of Virology 63(9): 3661-3668

Syncytium formation by recombinant vaccinia viruses carrying bovine parainfluenza 3 virus envelope protein genes

The highly syncytium-inducing M strain and the weakly syncytium-inducing SC strain of bovine parainfluenza 3 virus differ by a single amino acid substitution in each of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and membrane (M) proteins, while their fusion (F) proteins are identical (T. Shioda, S. Wakao, S. Suzu, and H. Shibuta, Virology 162:388-396, 1988). We constructed recombinant vaccinia viruses which express separately the M virus HN (Vac-MHN), SC virus HN (Vac-SCHN), M virus M (Vac-MM), SC virus M (Vac-SCM), and common F (Vac-F) proteins. CV-1 cells were infected with the recombinants, singly or in combination, and implanted onto indicator MDBK cells for syncytium formation. Combinations of Vac-MHN plus Vac-F and Vac-SCHN plus Vac-F induced extensive and weak syncytium formation, respectively. Vac-F alone did not induce syncytium formation, and both Vac-MM and Vac-SCM had no effect on syncytium formation. These findings indicated that the syncytium formation by bovine parainfluenza 3 virus requires both the F and HN proteins and that the extensive syncytium formation by the M virus is due to the M virus HN protein. MSC, another weakly syncytium-inducing virus variant, newly isolated from the M virus, was identical to the M virus in the primary structure of the HN and M proteins but differed from the M virus, was indentical to the M virus in the primary structure of the HN and M proteins but differed from the M virus by a single amino acid residue in the F protein. The combination of the recombinant vaccinia virus expressing the MSC virus F protein and Vac-MHN resulted in weak syncytium formation.

Accession: 001962291

PMID: 2547990

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