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Use of phenolic compounds as markers of cultivated sunflower gene pools

Use of phenolic compounds as markers of cultivated sunflower gene pools

Agronomie 8(4): 341-346

The phgenolic content of leaves from 75 individuals representative of 15 lines of sunflowers [Helianthus annuus], themseleves belonging to 5 gene pools (groups of lines highly similar and supposed to have a common origin) and cultivated under equivalent conditions, was analyzed by High Pressure Liquid Chromatography and treated by Principal Component Analysis. The variation observed concerned only different relative proporitons of phenolic compounds. While lines belonging to the same gene pool were similar, noteworthy differneces appeared between gene pools. Thus, analysis of phenolic compounds could alone be practically equivalent to use of the large sum of morphological, physiological and agronomic characters on which the recognition of lines is usually based.

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