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Use of zona drilling for safe and effective biopsy of murine oocytes and embryos

Use of zona drilling for safe and effective biopsy of murine oocytes and embryos

Biology of Reproduction 42(5-6): 869-876

With the mouse as a model, we have used zona drilling to devise procedures for safe removal of the first polar body or one or more blastomeres from cleaving embryos. These methods require minimal disruption of the zona pellucida and little or no direct contact between microtools and the materials to be biopsied. Of 175 eggs subjected to the polar body biopsy procedure, 1 was killed, and 165/174 survivors were fertilized (94.8%). For blastomere biopsy, embryos from the 2- to 16-cell stage were incubated in a chelating medium containing 100 mM sucrose for at least 30 min. The zonae were then drilled, and one or more blastomeres were "pushed" out through the hole by pressure exerted against the zona at some distance from the drilling site. In all 85 embryos biopsied, one or more additional intact blastomeres were successfully removed. Moreover, 83/84 biposied embryos that were subsequently cultured developed into blastocysts (98.8%). Although acid Tyrode's solution was used in this study, mechanical methods of zona opening were also effective. The data indicate that oocyte and embryo biopsy assisted by zona drilling is safe and does not appear to affect fertilization or development, and as such, it is applicable to genetic diagnostic procedures.

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Accession: 001997682

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PMID: 2383613

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