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Active and passive immunoneutralization of inhibin increases follicle-stimulating hormone levels and ovulation rate in ewes



Active and passive immunoneutralization of inhibin increases follicle-stimulating hormone levels and ovulation rate in ewes



Biology of Reproduction 47(3): 361-367



Two experiments were conducted to determine effects of active and passive immunoneutralization of inhibin on FSH secretion and ovulation rate. A synthetic peptide (alpha-IF) matching the N-terminus of the alpha-subunit of ovine inhibin was coupled to human alpha-globulin (h alpha-G) and used as an immunogen. In experiment 1, estrus was synchronized in 10 sheep that had been actively immunized against alpha-IF-h alpha-G or h alpha-G. Plasma FSH levels were similar in the two groups of ewes at -52 and -48 h (0 h = onset of estrus). In alpha-IF-h alpha-G-immunized ewes, FSH increased from -48 to -44 h (18.8-22.1 ng/ml), and then fell to 16.2 ng/ ml by 0 h. In h alpha-G-immunized ewes, FSH decreased from -48 to 0 h (17.6-7.2 ng/ml). Ovulation rate was higher in alpha-IF-h alpha- G- than h alpha-G-immunized ewes (9.4 vs. 2.4). In experiment 2, antibodies (Ab) were extracted from sera obtained from experiment 1 ewes and then were injected i.v. into 12 other ewes. Estrus was synchronized twice during the breeding season using progesterone-releasing pessaries (CIDR-G). One day before CIDR-G withdrawal, alpha-IF-h alpha-G and h alpha-G Ab were administered in a crossover design. After injection of Ab against alpha-IF-h alpha-G, plasma FSH increased from 0 to 24 h post-injection (10.9-21.5 ng/ ml), after which levels fell to 14.2 ng/ml by onset of the preovulatory LH surge. After injection of Ab against h alpha-G, FSH levels decreased during the preovulatory period to a low of 8.1 ng/ml. Ovulation rate was higher in alpha-IF-h alpha-G- than in h alpha-G Ab-treated ewes (6.0 vs. 1.8). Active and passive immunoneutralization of inhibin elicited increased FSH secretion during the preovulatory period and increased ovulation rate.

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Accession: 002018738

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PMID: 1511089


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