Asymmetric hybridization between Nicotiana tabacum and N. repanda by donor recipient protoplast fusion: transfer of TMV resistance

Bates, G.W.

Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 80(4): 481-487

1990


ISSN/ISBN: 0040-5752
PMID: 24221006
DOI: 10.1007/bf00226749
Accession: 002032996

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Abstract
Genetically asymmetric hybrids were recovered by fusion of Nicotiana tabacum protoplasts with irradiated protoplasts of kanamycin-resistant, nopalineproducing plants of N. repanda. Hybrid calli were selected by culture on media containing kanamycin and were regenerated. These plants were morphologically similar to N. tabacum but produced nopaline, indicating they retained genes from N. repanda. Esterase isozyme profiles also indicated that the plants are somatic hybrids, but are more similar to N. tabacum than N. repanda. Chromosome counts showed most of the hybrids had 55-62 chromosomes, which is consistent with extensive, although incomplete elimination of N. repanda chromosomes. The hybrids were largely male sterile, but about half of them set seed when crossed with N. tabacum. Chromosome numbers of the progeny and the pattern of inheritance of kanamycin resistance indicated the continued elimination of N. repanda genetic material in these backcrosses. The N. repanda parent used in these fusions gave a hypersensitive response to TMV, whereas the N. tabacum parent was TMV sensitive. When inoculated with TMV, plants from two hybrid clones gave a hypersensitive response. Plants from the other clones became systemically infected with the virus.

Asymmetric hybridization between Nicotiana tabacum and N. repanda by donor recipient protoplast fusion: transfer of TMV resistance