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Behavioral avoidance of encapsulation by Leiophron uniformis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasitoid of Lygus spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae): relationship between host age, encapsulating ability, and host acceptance



Behavioral avoidance of encapsulation by Leiophron uniformis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasitoid of Lygus spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae): relationship between host age, encapsulating ability, and host acceptance



Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 844: 444-446



The acceptance of various-aged nymphs of Lygus lineolaris by Leiophron uniformis and the immune response of these nymphs toward the parasitoid were determined. Even the youngest nymphs tested (0-24 h old) showed some encapsulating ability (7.6%), which increased to >70% encapsulation by nymphs 72-96 h old.

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Accession: 002035357

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DOI: 10.1093/aesa/84.4.444


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