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Binding form of pollen mother cell protein in the nucleosomes of lily

Binding form of pollen mother cell protein in the nucleosomes of lily

Plant Physiology 96(4): 1161-1166

We have previously reported the existence of pollen mother cell nuclear protein (PMCP) which appears during microsporogenesis in lily (Lilium spesiosum). It is very similar to mammalian testis specific H1 histone, H1t. In this paper, we describe the PMCP distribution in lily nucleosomes. Isolated nuclei were treated with micrococcal nuclease, and template active and inactive chromatin fractions were prepared. The nucleosome repeat length of pollen mother cells was determined to be 210 base pairs. The majority of the PMCP was found in the template inactive chromatin fraction, similar to other histones. PMCP was contained in the nucleosome monomer, but not in the core particle. However, PMCP was mainly found in the nucleosome dimer when slightly digested. Salt extraction from isolated nuclei indicated that PMCP and H1 histone share similar binding affinities to DNA. Judging from our results, it seems probable that PMCP links two core particles more strongly than H1 histone does. Since it is known that meiotic chromatin includes nick transferase and nuclease activity, one possible role of PMCP is the protection of its own chromatin. Other possible functions of PMCP are also discussed.

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Accession: 002036093

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PMID: 16668314

DOI: 10.1104/pp.96.4.1161

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