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Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense) - a suitable case for mycoherbicides

, : Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense) - a suitable case for mycoherbicides. FRI Bulletin ( 155): 93-95

A list is given of fungal and bacterial pathogens occurring on Californian thistle (C. arvense) in different countries and the effects of some of these pathogens on Californian thistle are reviewed.

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Related references

Jessep, C.T., 1990: Biological control programmes against nodding thistle (Carduus nutans L) and Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense L) in New Zealand. The Upper Rhine strain of the recepticle weevil Rhinocyllus conicus was released as a biocontrol agent against C. nutans in 1972. Weevil numbers in some areas have now reached the level where 99-100% of expected seeds from primary inflorescences a...

Anonymous, 1979: Californian thistle, (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.). Journal of agriculture Tasmamia 50(1): 20-22

Holland, C.A., 1931: Eradication of Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense. A preliminary report on experiments in the control of the thistle by sodium chlorate in a 7 1/2 per cent. solution.

Jessep, C.T., 1989: Cirsium arvense (L.) Scopoli, Californian thistle (Asteraceae). The history and potential for biological control of C. arvense in New Zealand is reviewed with special attention to the use of the tephritid Urophora cardui, the curculionid Ceutorhynchus litura and the chrysomelids Lema cyanella and Altica carduo...

Eerens, J.P.J.; Seefeldt, S.S.; Garry, G.; Armstrong, M.L., 2002: Controlling Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense) through pasture management. The impact of grazing pasture to different heights on the development of Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense) was simulated over two years in container trials. Californian thistle field densities were simulated by transplanting seedlings into per...

Anonymous, 1972: Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense) declared noxious weed. Notes are given on the identification, morphological characteristics, distribution, economic significance and control of Cirsium arvense. Recommendations for boom spraying or spot treatment with MCPA, MCPB, and 2,4-DB are tabulated according to th...

Hartley, M.; Thomson, N., 1982: Effect and control of Californian thistle in dairy pasture Cirsium arvense. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association conference3(43): 104-107

Bendall G.M., 1975: The allelopathic activity of californian thistle cirsium arvense in tasmania australia. Weed Research 15(2): 77-81

Bendall, G.M., 1975: The allelopathic activity of Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.) in Tasmania. The phytotoxicity of extracts from the roots and foliage of Cirsium arvense was studied using 7 test species. Water and alcohol extracts of C. arvense inhibited the germination of its own and Trifolium subterraneum seed, and inhibited the growth o...

Wallace, I.A.; Eerens, J.P.J.; Rahman, A.; Clarkson, B.D., 2005: Horizontal seed dispersion patterns of Californian thistle (Cirsium arvense). Few Californian thistle seeds find their way to the soil seed bank raising a question about their dispersal and fate. The horizontal seed distributions around ten Californian thistle patches were studied on two farms. Thirteen seed traps were plac...