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Cane sugar factor as an inducing agent of immunity in Galleria mellonella

, : Cane sugar factor as an inducing agent of immunity in Galleria mellonella. Developmental and comparative immunology 14(4): 369-378

The injection of cane sugar factor (CSF) into Galleria mellonella larvae results in an immune response similar to that produced by a formalized Pseudomonas aeruginosa vaccine. Vaccination with CSF is followed by: an increase in the LD50 of Pseudomonas aeruginosa; an in vivo protective response to P. aeruginosa the development of which can be inhibited by cobra venom factor (CVF); an antibacterial activity in hemolymph 24 h after the injection of CSF; the development of a transferrable immune response in hemolymph of donor larvae capable of protecting recipient larvae against a lethal challenge of Pseudomonas aeruginosa; an increase in extracellular lysozyme equal to that induced by Pseudomonas vaccine; a reduction in total hemocyte count during the period of protective immunity; and the presence in hemolymph of new basic proteins, with electrophoretic mobilities and appearance times after the CSF injection, identical to those induced by the formalized vaccine.

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Accession: 002042532

DOI: 10.1016/0145-305x(90)90029-e

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