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Canopy development of a determinate and an indeterminate cultivar of Vicia faba L. under contrasting plant distributions and densities


Annals of Applied Biology 118(1): 185-199
Canopy development of a determinate and an indeterminate cultivar of Vicia faba L. under contrasting plant distributions and densities
Field experiments were conducted in 1987 and 1988 to quantify differences in canopy formation between an indeterminate and a determinate genotype of Vicia faba L., grown at two plant densities and three spatial distributions. The number of stems per unit area produced by determinate plants was related to the growth rate before flowering. Leaf production per stem per unit of thermal time was similar in both plant types, but twice as many leaves per stem were produced by the indeterminate cultivar. The indeterminate cultivar produced fewer and smaller leaves in the warmer and drier weather of 1988 than in 1987. The determinate genotype produced similar sizes and numbers of leaves in both years, but fewer tiller developed in 1988 than in 1987. Accordingly, leaf mass per unit ground area was greater in 1987 than in 1988 in both genotypes. Except during early flowering, relationships between leaf mass and leaf area were constant, with higher specific leaf areas in the determinate than the indeterminate genotype. Shoot dry matter partitioning into leaves was identical in both years for indeterminate plants, but differed in determinate ones. It is concluded that canopy development is regulated through individual leaf weight and leaf number per stem in non-tillering indeterminate, and by stem numbers per unit area in tillering determinate plants.

Accession: 002042666

DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1991.tb06097.x

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