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Carbohydrate Metabolism in Photosynthetic and Nonphotosynthetic Tissues of Variegated Leaves of Coleus blumei Benth

, : Carbohydrate Metabolism in Photosynthetic and Nonphotosynthetic Tissues of Variegated Leaves of Coleus blumei Benth. Plant Physiology 93(2): 617-622

Mature, variegated leaves of Coleus blumei Benth. contained stachyose and other raffinose series sugars in both green, photosynthetic and white, nonphotosynthetic tissues. However, unlike the green tissues, white tissues had no detectable level of galactinol synthase activity and a low level of sucrose phosphate synthase indicating that stachyose and possibly sucrose present in white tissues may have originated in green tissues. Uptake of exogenously supplied [(14)C]stachyose or [(14)C]sucrose into either tissue type showed conventional kinetic profiles indicating combined operation of linear first-order and saturable systems. Autoradiographs of white discs showed no detectable minor vein labelling with [(14)C]stachyose, but some degree of vein labeling with [(14)C]sucrose. Autoradiographs of green discs showed substantial vein loading with either sugar. In both tissues, p-chloromercuribenzenesulfonic acid had no effect on the linear component of sucrose or stachyose uptake but inhibited the saturable component. Both tissues contained high levels of invertase, sucrose synthase and alpha-galactosidase and extensively metabolized exogenously supplied (14)C-sugars. In green tissues, label from exogenous sugars was recovered as raffinose-series sugars. In white tissues, exogenous sugars were hydrolysed and converted to amino acids and organic acids. The results indicate that variegated Coleus leaves may be useful for studies on both phloem loading and phloem unloading processes in stachyose-transporting species.

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Accession: 002042913

PMID: 16667512

DOI: 10.1104/pp.93.2.617

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