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DNA hybridization assay for detection of gypsy moth nuclear polyhedrosis virus in infected gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) larvae



DNA hybridization assay for detection of gypsy moth nuclear polyhedrosis virus in infected gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) larvae



Applied and Environmental Microbiology 55(11): 2749-2754



Radiolabeled Lymantria dispar nuclear polyhedrosis virus DNA probes were used in a DNA hybridization assay to detect the presence of viral DNA in extracts from infected larvae. Total DNA was extracted form larvae, bound to nitrocellulose filters, and assayed for the presence of viral DNA by two methods; slot-blot vacuum filtration and whole-larval squashes. To test the assays, neonate larvae were fed droplets containing a known concentration of L. dispar nuclear polyhedrosis virus and observed for up to 10 days to determine the percentage of infected larvae. The average percent mortalities were 88.0, 60.7, 26.0, and 5.3% for larvae fed droplets containing 4.0 X 10(4), 1.0 X 10(4), 2.5 X 10(3), and 6.25 X 10(2) polyhedral inclusion bodies (PIBs) per ml, respectively. Other larvae treated with the same virus concentrations were frozen at 2, 4, and 6 days postinoculation and examined by the hybridization techniques. The average percentage of slot blots containing viral DNA equaled 81.0, 58.0, 18.0, and 6.0% for larvae blotted 4 days after treatment with 4.0 X 10(4), 1.0 X 10(4), 2.5 X 10(3), and 6.25 X 10(2) PIBs per ml, respectively, and 89.9, 52.1, 26.6, and 6.0%, respectively at 6 days postinoculation. Thus, the hybridization results were closely correlated with mortality observed in reared larvae. Hybridization of squashes of larvae frozen 4 days after receiving the above virus treatments also produced accurate measures of the incidence of virus infection.

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Accession: 002064343

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PMID: 2696426


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