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Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids modulate fatty acid composition and early activation steps of concanavalin A-stimulated rat thymocytes



Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids modulate fatty acid composition and early activation steps of concanavalin A-stimulated rat thymocytes



Journal of Nutrition 121(11): 1844-1859



The early biochemical responses to concanavalin A (Con A) of thymocytes from rats fed a saturated (coconut oil), (n-6) (sunflower oil) or (n-3) (fish oil) fatty acid-enriched diet for 3 wk were investigated. Fish oil feeding resulted in greater (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid level (PUFA) at the expense of (n-6) PUFA in total and individual thymocyte phospholipids. Such alterations of the fatty acid composition did not affect basal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) or gamma-glutamyl transferase activities. However, the fish oil-enriched diet impaired some of the early thymocyte responses to Con A, such as the rapid induction (30 min) of soluble ODC and PDE activities. Synthesis of [3H]20:4(n-6) oxygenated metabolites was not different between the dietary groups; however, the uptake of [3H]20:4(n-6) into phospholipid classes was significantly lower in phosphatidylcholine and greater in phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol after fish oil feeding. Similarly, the Con A-induced remodeling of the [3H]20:4(n-6) esterification in phospholipids differed in sunflower oil- vs. fish oil-fed rats, suggesting a modulation of acyl CoA synthase and/or acyl CoA transferase activities. Thus, the modulation of Con A-induced ODC and PDE stimulation upon in vivo changes of membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition is not related to eicosanoid formation, but rather to the modification of the fatty acid acylation processes, altering phospholipid composition and signal transduction.

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Accession: 002072043

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PMID: 1682429



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