+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn

+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Dietary preference for sweet foods in patients with dementia

Dietary preference for sweet foods in patients with dementia

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 38(9): 999-1007

Using a telephone survey, patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (n = 31) and vascular dementia (n = 14) were compared with elderly normal controls (n = 43) in preferences for different foods. Patients with Alzheimer's disease had a greater preference than normal controls for relatively high-fat, sweet foods and for high-sugar, low-fat foods, but did not significantly differ in preference for other foods, including those high in complex carbohydrates and protein. Vascular dementia patients showed a similar pattern, not significantly different from that for Alzheimer's patients. Results did not consistently support a hypothesis that increased sweet preference is a nonspecific form of disinhibited behavior related to declining mental status, nor was a hypothesis relating sweet preference to serotonin activity within the brain consistently supported. Results provide preliminary evidence that craving for sweet food may be a significant part of the clinical syndrome of dementia, but further research is needed to delineate the psychological and biological mechanisms accounting for it.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 002072049

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2212455

DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.1990.tb04423.x

Related references

Sweet tooth demonstrated: individual differences in preference for both sweet foods and foods highly sweetened. Journal of Applied Psychology 73(2): 275-280, 1988

Sweet preference predicts mood altering effect of and impaired control over eating sweet foods. Eating Behaviors 7(3): 181-187, 2006

Preferred sweetness of a lime drink and preference for sweet over non-sweet foods, related to sex and reported age and body weight. Appetite 10(1): 25-35, 1988

Preference for sweet foods and higher body mass index in patients being treated in long-term methadone maintenance. Substance Use & Misuse 42(10): 1555-1566, 2007

Taking the bitter with the sweet: relationship of supertasting and sweet preference with metabolic syndrome and dietary intake. Journal of Food Science 78(2): S336-S342, 2013

The effect of lifestyle, dietary habit, food preference and eating frequency on sweet taste sensitivity and preference of the middle school students. Korean Journal of Nutrition 40(6): 531-541, 2007

Relationships between family variables and children's preference for and consumption of sweet foods. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 13(4): 257-266, 1983

Preference for sweet and fat foods in young adults associated with PROP genetic taste status and sex. Chemical Senses 20(6): 688, 1995

Preference for sweet foods in humans are taste and spit tests predictive of actual consumption. Appetite 7(3): 277, 1986

Dietary experience and sweet taste preference in human infants. Appetite 3(2): 139-152, 1982

Relationships between and among selected measures of sweet taste preference and dietary habits. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences10(510): 489-496, 1987

Relationships between selected measures of sweet taste preference and dietary habits. Chemical Senses 11(4): 637, 1986

Relationships between and among selected measures of sweet taste preference and dietary intake. Chemical Senses 11(4): 523-540, 1986

Dietary preference of three freshwater gastropods for eight natural foods of different energetic content. Malacologia 36(1-2): 147-153, 1995