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Dietary protein level alters oxidative phosphorylation in heart and liver mitochondria of chicks



Dietary protein level alters oxidative phosphorylation in heart and liver mitochondria of chicks



British Journal of Nutrition 68(1): 89-99



To determine the effects of dietary protein level on cardiac and hepatic mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, chicks were fed on semi-purified diets of different protein levels (7, 25, 43, and 61% of metabolizable energy content) for 7, 14 and 21 d. All diets were formulated to contain equivalent fat, mineral and vitamin contents on a gross energy basis. Cardiac and hepatic mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation rates were assessed polarographically with pyruvate and malate as substrates. Cardiac mitochondria isolated from chicks fed on a 43 or 61% protein-energy diet for 7 d exhibited significantly reduced ADP: oxygen (ADP:O) ratios when compared with mitochondria isolated from chicks fed on a lower-protein-energy diet. Feeding low- (7%) protein-energy diets for 14 d resulted in a relatively increased ADP:O ratio in the heart. Responses of ADP:O ratios to protein level in hepatic mitochondria showed more dependency on protein level than in heart muscle; at all feeding periods the ADP:O ratio decreased with an increase in protein level. As a result, ATP synthesized in the liver, expressed as nmol/mg mitochondrial protein per min, significantly decreased with increased dietary protein level. A parallel correlation was observed, in chicks fed on diets with different levels of protein, between ADP:O ratio for liver mitochondria and body fat. These results suggest that the reduction in oxidative phosphorylation in the heart and liver of animals fed on a higher protein-energy diet may partly contribute to the depression of body fat.

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Accession: 002072063

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1390619

DOI: 10.1079/bjn19920069


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