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Differences in the induction of urate deposition of specific-pathogen-free chicks inoculated with avian nephritis virus passaged by five different methods



Differences in the induction of urate deposition of specific-pathogen-free chicks inoculated with avian nephritis virus passaged by five different methods



Avian Diseases 35(2): 269-275



The G-4260 strain of avian nephritis virus (ANV) was passaged using five different methods as follows: method 1, passage three times in chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of 11-day-old embryonated eggs (CAM3); method 2, passage twice in CAM and further passage once in yolk sac (YS) of 6-day-old embryonated eggs (CAM2-YS1); method 3, passage 11 times in CAM (CAM11); method 4, passage 10 times in CAM and further passage twice in YS (CAM10-YS2); method 5, passage as in Method 4 and then passage three times in chicken kidney cell culture (CAM10-YS2-CK3). CAM11 and CAM10-YS2 were each inoculated orally into 25 one-day-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicks. Seven chicks in the CAM11-inoculated group and six chicks in the CAM10-YS2-inoculated group died or were killed because they were moribund; all had either nephrosis or urate deposition. CAM3, CAM2-YS1, CAM10-YS2, and CAM10-YS2-CK3 were each inoculated intraperitoneally into 15 one-day-old SPF chicks. No chicks inoculated with CAM3 or CAM2-YS1 died, but wo chicks inoculated with CAM10-YS2 and three inoculated with CAM10-YS2-CK3 died with urate deposition. At 14 postinoculation, plasma urate values of the CAM10-YS2- and CAM10-YS2-CK3-inoculated chicks were significantly higher than those of CAM3- and CAM2-YS1-inoculated chicks and control chicks (P less than 0.01). However, interstitial nephritis was observed in most of the ANV-inoculated birds.

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Accession: 002072367

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1649587

DOI: 10.2307/1591176



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