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Different effects of casein and soyabean protein on gastric emptying of protein and small intestinal transit after spontaneous feeding of diets in rats



Different effects of casein and soyabean protein on gastric emptying of protein and small intestinal transit after spontaneous feeding of diets in rats



British Journal of Nutrition 68(1): 59-66



The effects of dietary casein and soyabean-protein isolate (SPI) on gastric emptying and small intestinal transit were observed in rats fed on an 80 g casein or 80 g SPI/kg diet. After a 24 h fast, rats were given 2 g of both the test diets containing 10 g guanidinated casein/kg diet as a marker protein. The amounts of the marker protein remaining in the stomach of the rats fed on the casein or SPI diet were similar and decreased to about 50% after 20 min. The emptying rate then slowed, especially in the casein group, so that the amount leaving the stomach after 1 h in the SPI group was slightly higher (P < 0.05). The small intestinal transit of chyme was estimated by a bolus injection of colloidal carbon suspension or of colloidal carbon and 3H-labelled polyethylene glycol through an implanted duodenal catheter 6 min before death. The average value of transit at 12, 20, 40 and 60 min after feeding of SPI diet was about 25% faster than that after casein diet. The transit velocity of the SPI group was also faster than that of the non-protein group 40 min after feeding. These findings reveal that SPI enhances the small intestinal transit of the liquid phase of chyme. There was no correlation between the gastric emptying of homarginine and small intestinal transit. This result suggest that the small intestinal transit of lumen contents is controlled by the dietary protein regardless of the gastric emptying of protein.

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Accession: 002072420

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1390617

DOI: 10.1079/bjn19920066



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